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Ghana

Ghana is located in West Africa. It is bordered by Ivory Coast to the west, Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The name for the country came from the ancient Ghana Empire and means ”Warrior King”.

Ghana is also known as the "Gold Coast" because it has the world’s next largest gold production. But all that is shimmering isn’t gold. The people in Ghana are also very friendly and always meet you with a smile. But even though a lot is shimmering, Ghana also have a dark history.

Because of their access to gold, a lot of countries want to take advantage of that. The Portuguese colonized the Moroccan seaport Ceuta year 1415, and that was the beginning of a long period of colonization. A small village called Edina, now calling Elmina was the Portuguese’s centrum during their 150 year of mainly gold trade but also ivory, cotton and animal’s skin.

The English ship reached the West Africa year 1530, and year 1542 the Frenchmen did reach Africa. Also the Dutchman reached Africa and Elmina year 1596 to attack the Portuguese.

Also Sweden and Denmark had their interest in the gold trade. The Swedish people built Fort Carolsburg at Cape Coast year 1653. And the Danish people built one of the strongest fort called Fort Osu that they owned between 1642 and 1850.

The colonization on the “Gold Coast” lasted during 1806-1902 with several protest actions from the local population. The biggest protest came from The Ashanti people towards the Brit.

6 Mars, 1957 was an important day, the day that the Gold Coast became independent and got the name Ghana. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers in the world, and is also home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area. Compulsory education in Ghana is for eleven years. From that the kids start school at the age of four, and stays at preschool for two years. After that there is nine years of middle school, divided in two stages on six and three years. Middle school is in formal way mandatory and toll-free. Year 2005 there was only about two-thirds of the children in school the first six years.The upper secondary school is for four years and the students can choose between educational – or occupational preparing. About one-third of the students go on to the higher educations, the majority is boys. They teach English from the first grade. Teaching in local languages progresses under the whole period in school. In Ghana there is six public schools and ten private ones.  There is also around fifty special facilities with other orientations.